Canada’s Geography And Climate: A Country Of Contrasts

Canada’s offers postcard images, but very real: extreme temperatures and snow as far as the eye can see in winter, thousands of lakes, immense forests, whales and bears, squirrels and beavers … here is Canada! Here nature takes over man who adapts to its harsh climate to be able to appreciate its immeasurable beauty.

Canada - Wikipedia

Canada’s Geography And Climate: A Country Of ContrastsCanada’s Geography And Climate: A Country Of Contrasts

Canada is the second largest state in the world , just after Russia. It stretches for more than 5000km between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. It has only one border, with the United States, and extends beyond the polar circle, where trucks and cars can only circulate in the winter when the lakes are frozen.

Canada is made up of ten provinces, three territories , and a huge variety of different landscapes! On the Pacific coast, we find British Columbia and the Canadian Rockies. These majestic peaks mark the border with the three Great Plains provinces: Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. To the east, we find Ontario, with the federal capital Ottawa and the country’s economic capital, Toronto , and finally Québec, the French-speaking province. Finally, the Atlantic provinces: Terre-Neuve, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick. In the Canadian North, we find the three territories: Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon.

What Makes Canada Unique?

True seasons

Having a territory so vast that it includes 6 different time zones and reaching as far as the Arctic, Canada has a climate that changes profoundly from one region to another. But no matter the moment of your trip to Canada, every season in Canada is worth experiencing.

Gilles Vigneault said about Québec: “My kingdom here is winter”. But he could have said it all over Canada … or almost. A large part of the country dresses in its beautiful white dress for several months, with temperatures that can reach as low as -30 ° depending on the region (and sometimes it can be even colder!). Winter is mild in western Canada’s, where it rains more than it snows. If we can see spring appearing from February on the Atlantic coast, we will have to wait for April for the rest of Canada’s. And in summer it’s the exact opposite of winter: it’s hot and humid! It’s a good time to rent a chalet and go hiking all over the country. Autumn is a mythical season.

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There is a great variety of fauna and flora.
Canada is fortunate to have a very varied fauna and flora , thanks to its different climatic zones. The ground is practically always frozen in the arctic and subarctic zones. Here are the only species in the world capable of resisting such a harsh climate: mosses, lichens, plants of the saxifraga family and cinquefoil. Moving slightly southwards, in the maritime provinces, there are magnificent boreal forests covered with white and dark conifers, pines, larch trees, fir trees … From the Manitoba region to Nova Scotia, we find the Laurentian forests that impose themselves with their famous maple trees, the symbol of the country from which the famous maple syrup is harvested … The provinces of the prairies, drier and more arid, resemble the steppe.

Among the unusual species of animals that we can see in Canada’s, we have brown bears, grizzlies, lynxes, wolves, coyotes, foxes and mephidae. These are difficult animals to observe, as they are shy and prefer nature away from cities. The polar bear lives only in the Arctic, while the puma is found in British-Columbia. In southern Canada’s, we can see caribou and moose, emblematic animals of the country. Of course, we can see beavers and squirrels very easily, which will make photo enthusiasts happy.

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