This blog post will provide you with useful tips on how to get a citizenship in Canada.
How to get Canadian citizenship.
The Canadian immigration process can be difficult to understand. The Canadian government has language, history, and physical presence requirements for citizenship. In this article, we describe the steps necessary to become a Canadian citizen.
Eligibility Criteria for Canadian Citizenship
Most applicants for Canadian citizenship must:
Have an unconditional Canadian permanent residence status.
Being physically present for three years out of the previous five (1,095 days out of 1,825), also called “physical presence.”
Comply with tax declaration obligations.
Pass a knowledge test about Canada.
Demonstrate an adequate knowledge of one of the official languages of Canada (English or French).
How to become a permanent resident of Canada
A prerequisite to becoming a Canadian citizen is to be a permanent resident when you apply. Permanent residence is not the same as citizenship. Permanent residents are issued a permanent resident card which they must carry when traveling both within and outside of Canada.
Anyone who wants to apply for a permanent resident card must meet one of the following criteria:
Have been in Canada for at least 730 days during the last five years (as a permanent resident).
Show that you will spend at least 730 days in Canada within the next five years.
There are several ways to prove your intended status as a permanent resident. For example, obtaining a work permit and proof of address in Canada.
The Express Entry program is available to eligible workers under the Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program , the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) or the Canadian Experience Class (Canadian Experience Class) .
You can qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program if you have at least one year of paid work experience in one of Canada’s most in-demand professions. For example, if you are a doctor or health professional, in a field of natural or applied sciences or work in trades such as construction, metallurgy, blacksmithing or electrical work. To see the full list of eligible occupations, visit this website .
You can qualify for the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) if you have two years of paid work experience in one of Canada’s top in-demand trades. For example, if you have experience in the electrical, manufacturing/production, industrial or culinary fields. To see the full list of eligible occupations, visit this website .
You may qualify for the Canadian Experience Class if you are a skilled worker with Canadian work experience. To be eligible, you must meet the required language levels for your job, have one year of qualifying work experience in Canada, and have obtained your work experience in Canada as a temporary resident.
PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAMS (PNP)
Another way to obtain residency in Canada is through a Provincial Nominee program. It could be a good option for you if you intend to emigrate and settle in a particular province. Applicants must contact the immigration office representative in the chosen province, and submit the specific application for nomination to that province.
VISAS FOR EMERGING COMPANIES OR START-UP VISA (SUD)
This program is designed to encourage and facilitate the admission of self-employed entrepreneurs, investors and employees.
If you have relatives who are permanent residents or Canadian citizens , they may be able to help you apply for permanent residence through a sponsorship process.
QUEBEC IMMIGRANT SELECTION SYSTEM
Specifically for the province of Quebec, this program is for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents of Canada and live in Quebec. Quebec has a special immigration agreement with the Canadian government, so it has its own requirements.
How to file your taxes in Canada
A necessary step to become a citizen is to file taxes on your income in Canada . The process is similar to filing income taxes in the United States , you must report your income, claim applicable deductions, credits, and expenses, and file your full tax return.
Canadian citizenship process
When you complete all the steps above, you are ready to apply for Canadian citizenship. In many cases, the citizenship application process begins online . Processing times may vary, depending on various factors. You must remember that the process can take up to a year or more.
Although the process does not require it, it is a good idea to start building a credit history in Canada and open a Canadian bank account.
Step 1: Apply for Canadian citizenship
The easiest way to apply for citizenship is to fill out an online application.
Another option is to request an application package, which includes instructions, paper forms to complete, and a checklist of the documents you need.
To apply for Canadian citizenship, you must complete the application form , submit all necessary documents, pay the application fees (currently $630 for adults over 18 and $100 for those under 18), and submit your application .
Step 2: Prepare for the citizenship test and interview
Having to take the Canadian citizenship test and attend an interview depends on the age of the applicant. If you are between the ages of 18 and 54, you may be required to take the exam and attend the interview. There are special circumstances for those under 18 years of age or adults over 55 years of age.
Before the exam, you will receive a Notice to Appear. You will need to bring the Notice to Appear, your permanent resident card, two personal identification documents, all of your passports and travel documents, proof of English or French language proficiency, and other documents requested in the Notice to Appear.
The exam consists of 20 questions on the rights and responsibilities of Canadians and on the history, geography, economy, government, laws and symbols of Canada. The test is based on the official citizenship study guide . The citizenship test does not test your language skills in English or French. You have 30 minutes to take the exam and you must answer 15 questions correctly to pass.
Resources are available to help you prepare for the citizenship test and interview.
After the test, you will meet with a citizenship officer for an interview. During the interview, the officer will give you your test results, check your language skills (for people ages 18-54), check your application and documentation, ask you questions about your application, and make sure you meet all the requirements for citizenship.
If you pass and meet the citizenship requirements, the officer may give you a date for the citizenship ceremony.
Step 3: Attend the citizenship ceremony
The final step in becoming a Canadian citizen is to attend the citizenship ceremony , during which you will take the Oath of Citizenship.
Citizenship ceremonies are held throughout the country, at all times of the year. There are special ceremonies on Canada Day and during Citizenship Week. Adults and children over the age of 14 must attend the citizenship ceremony and take the oath.
In addition to taking the Oath of Citizenship, you will obtain your certificate of citizenship, sign the Oath of Affirmation of Citizenship form, and sing the national anthem, “O Canada.”